When most people think of moonshine, they immediately think of backyard distillers in the Deep South of America making extremely strong spirits with homemade stills. But that description isn’t quite accurate.
In this post, I’ll delve into the history of moonshine and answer the question Is Moonshine Whiskey?
What is Moonshine?
There are two definitions of moonshine. Moonshine is often used to describe any clear whiskey that has not been aged in oak barrels. This type of whiskey is also known as “White Whiskey”. The term also refers to strong spirits that are made and sold illegally.
Distillers in Scotland and Ireland have been making “white whiskey” for hundreds of years, using the same techniques that they use for Scotch whisky and Irish whiskey. To make white whiskey, distillers will:
- Ferment a grain mash (usually containing some malted barley)
- Extract the wort (the sugary layer on top of the mash)
- Distill the wort two or three times.
However, instead of putting the spirit into an oak barrel to mature, as is normally the case with whiskey, they would consume it immediately. Because white whiskey is not placed in an oak barrel to age, it doesn’t change color and remains clear.
In the early part of the 19th century, excise laws were placed on the production of spirits in the British isles. This led to distillers creating illegal operations that produced spirits at night, under the cover of darkness. The term “moonshine” became common because of the British word “moonshining”, which refers to any job that is performed late at night.
Moonshining became prevalent in the United States around the time of the Civil War when the government banned non-registered stills. Illegal still operators also worked under the cover of darkness, so were called moonshiners.
The number of moonshining operations dramatically increased during the Prohibition era in the United States (1920-1933), which completely banned alcohol production.
The tradition of moonshining continues today, with many backyard distilleries carrying it out in an effort to avoid taxation or as a hobby. Moonshine is often associated with parts of Kentucky and Appalachia, where it became extremely common.
Is Moonshine Whiskey?
Yes, and no.
The traditional definition of whiskey is any distilled spirit that is made from a fermented grain mash and aged in oak barrels.
Common forms of whiskey like Scotch, bourbon, and Irish whiskey must spend at least two years aging in a barrel. This means moonshine does not meet their criteria to be labeled as one of these types of whiskey.
However, moonshine that has been produced using a fermented grain mash can meet the criteria of “white whiskey”. This form of whiskey is a raw spirit with a very high alcoholic content. While it doesn’t have the sophisticated flavor profile of whiskey, it can still be watered down to be an enjoyable spirit.
If you placed a white whiskey in oak, even for a few seconds, it meets the criteria for “Whiskey”. That’s because the definition of generic whiskey doesn’t specify the amount of time a spirit should in contact with an oak barrel.
It’s important to note that the term moonshine can be applied to any spirit, including whiskey, gin, and rum. It will only be a white whiskey if it was made using a fermented grain mash.
Drinking Moonshine (White Whiskey)
Moonshine has a reputation for being an extremely powerful spirit with a rough taste. This reputation is a result of backyard distillers creating very strong forms of moonshine with a high alcoholic content. However, moonshine whiskey can still be quite enjoyable if diluted or mixed the right way. Here are some mixers to try:
Ginger Ale and Moonshine
The sweet and fresh flavour of the ginger ale helps to cover the harsher flavours that are often present in moonshine. Serve with ice in a highball glass.
Sweet Vermouth and Moonshine
Although it won’t taste as sophisticated as a Manhattan, it is still an interesting combination. Instead of using the normal 2:1 whiskey to vermouth ratio, use 1:1 to make the drink more palatable.
Coke and Moonshine
Coke works well with most whiskeys — even if they haven’t spent any time in a barrel. Corn-heavy moonshines are particularly good with Coke as the sweeter notes combine to make a delicious drink. Simple combine moonshine and Coke with ice in a highball glass. Try a ratio of 1 part moonshine to 3 parts Coke.
Iced Tea and Moonshine
This is an interesting combination that is surprisingly enjoyable. Simply combine a bottled ice tea with moonshine in a ratio of 3 to 1. Serve in a tall glass with ice.